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Tuesday, October 23, 2018

Know Your Rights | A Guide to Civic Education For All


Human rights refer to those inalienable privileges and freedoms that the citizens of any country are entitled to irrespective of their tribe, status or political affiliation. These rights enable citizens to live decently as humans.

When individuals are denied their rights, they are likely going to experience serious discomfort, intense suffering and possibly death. It is the realization of these dire consequences of abuse or denial of rights that has made many nations of the world to entrench fundamental human rights in their constitution with a view to protecting them.

On 10th of December 1948, the United Nations came up with what is official termed the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR). This document on human rights was hailed as a conscious attempt by the world’s biggest political organization to shield humans from the horrors of abuse experienced during the Second World War. Since then, various governments have domesticated the UDHR’s content.

Chapter 1V of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (1999 as Amended) spells out the fundamental human rights of Nigerian citizens. Some of them are stated below:

Know your Social Rights:

  • The right to life
  • The right to security
  • The right to privacy
  • The right to peaceful assembly
  • The right to freedom of association, etc.
  • Know your Civil Rights:
  • The right to freedom of movement
  • The right to freedom of speech and expression
  • The right to freedom of conscience and thought
  • The right to freedom of religion
  • The right to access justice, etc.
  • Know your Political Rights:
  • The right to vote
  • The right to be voted for
  • The right to freedom from discrimination
  • The right to aspire to political/public office, etc.

Know your Economic Rights:

  • The right to good standard of living
  • The right to work in any place or location within the country
  • The right to own a private business
  • The right to be employed, etc.

Why don’t you grab a copy of the Nigerian Constitution for details of your rights? Also, remember to participate in the International Human Rights Day coming up on December 10 this year! Know your rights and exercise them!!

Written by Michael, P.E

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